Dishonesty does not pay. So found Mr Bowyer Snr, whose son brought a fraudulent personal injury action. Yesterday the Court found that Mr Bowyer Snr had known that the claim was fraudulent, but had taken steps to support it dishonestly, lying in both his affidavit and in oral evidence before the Court. He was found guilty of contempt.
This decision in Havering London Borough Council v (1) Mark Bowyer (2) James Jones (3) Richard Bowyer (2012) adds further weight to the insurance world’s fight against fraud.
After a night out, the first and second defendants (B and J) were walking home through a park owned by the local authority. B fell from a wall, fracturing his leg and ankle. J called the ambulance, informing the operator that B had fallen from a wall. This account was repeated to the ambulance crew and the A&E staff. By the time a personal injury claim was presented, however, B’s account had “transformed” to a trip over a pothole in the park, and he alleged that he had sustained injury as a result of the local authority’s negligence or breach of statutory duty.
Based on B’s account, the local authority admitted liability. However, when medical records were subsequently reviewed the discrepancy in how B’s injuries occurred came to light. The local authority withdrew its admission of liability.
Proceedings, signed with a statement of truth, were issued by B for personal injury caused by a trip over a pothole. Witness Statements were subsequently served by B, J and the third defendant (R), again all signed with statements of truth, stating that B had fallen in the pothole.
Faced with the weight of the medical evidence against him, B discontinued his claim. The local authority issued proceedings against B, J and R for contempt of Court in making false statements, signed with a statement of truth, without an honest belief in their truth. B and J largely admitted their contempt, however R opposed the local authority’s application for committal.
In Court, R submitted that his statement was not knowingly untrue, based as it was on what he had been told by his son, rather than first hand knowledge. The Court did not find R to be a credible witness. They concluded that he had known B’s personal injury claim to be fraudulent and had taken active steps to support it dishonestly. The local authority had proved to the criminal standard that R had committed the alleged contempt, and he was accordingly found guilty.
This case is illustration that claims for committal for contempt of Court are not “one offs” by insurers pursued to “prove a point”. They are, on the contrary, a realistic consequence of providing fraudulent statements of truth and should serve as a stern warning that dishonesty not only does not pay, but may well also end in criminal sanctions.